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Tabla - The Indian Percussions

The tabla is a set of two drums that are played while sitting on the floor, A tabla is a pair of twin hand drums from the Indian subcontinent. Since the ages tabla has been the principal percussion instrument in Hindustani classical music, where it may be played solo, as accompaniment with other instruments and vocals, and as a part of larger ensembles. It is an instrument that can be played individually as in solo performances and also it is capable to accompany different genres of music.

Playing Tabla can help students grow academically; it improves students’ ability to concentrate and complement their studies & physical fitness. Playing Tabla and rhythms can be an optimal experience and encourages participants of all ages to achieve flow.

Tabla is a healing art and therefore it can give participants of any age a better sense of wellbeing.

Playing Tabla increases body awareness & kinaesthetic development; it helps students develop graceful coordination and self-control. Tabla is the most famous percussion instrument of North India. It is most commonly used in North Indian classical music, but its versatility in all musical styles has enabled it to become the most popular percussion instrument in all of India. The musician plays the tabla while seated, with the baya to the left of the daya. Sound is produced on the drums through a variety of different finger and hand strokes. The versatility is one of the important and beautiful aspects of tabla as it goes well with any genre of  music, even fusion. Fusion music attracts most of the people and it acts a medium to introduce the beauty of classical music. Tabla nowadays is also played with different genres of music. The main speciality of this instrument is that it is capable of imitating any percussion instrument. There is a special moment of Tabla versus other instruments where a battle in playing which is often called a jugalbandi in   music is seen among various artists.  Tabla also has a great deal of importance in the accompaniment of dance. There are various Indian traditional dance forms such as Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Odissi, and many other south Indian dances. In all these dance forms, especially in North Indian dance Kathak, the tabla is popularly used for accompaniment. There are various phrases that are sung by dancers while dancing and at the same time played on tabla. In vocals too, the tabla is used in showing the tala to the singer. In every type of tempo, the tabla is used with different moods. Along with that, it is also seen in light music. There are many regional vocal styles where tabla is used.


Even in folk music, the tabla is popularly seen. There are a lot of regional kinds of music where tabla is needed as the main percussion instrument. In typical folk music where there are regional percussion instruments such as ghunghroo, dholak, kartaal, khanjari, and dhol are used. Along with that tabla is also widely seen.